Tag: TheOdyssey

odyssey

The Oldest Piece of Homer’s ‘Odyssey’ Unearthed in Greece

Needless to say, Homer’s Odyssey is considered the oldest work in the Western history of literature and become the must-read classic in schools worldwide. As an English major, I remember how my literary professor in college introduced the journey of Odysseus, the protagonist who wins the Trojan War, and the heroic adventures he has on his way home (a journey which lasts ten years! OMG). The twist and turns in the epic have inspired so many students, scholars, and cultural influencers. 
 

bbc

Image via BBC

 

Now, the poetic wave of the Odyssey is unfolded again with the discovery of the oldest extract of the Odyssey in Greece. According to the Greek culture ministry, an engraved clay has recently been found in the Temple of Zeus located in ancient Olympia, the birth place of Greek mythology, by a team of Greek and German archaeologist researchers.

 

On the clay, thirteen verses from the Odyssey’s 14th Rhapsody are recorded. This part of story basically focuses on Odysseus’ reunion with his old friend Eumaeus after his ten years of wandering. Though the exact date of this item is still under evaluation (probably before the 3rd century AD; the Roman era), the new discovery still marks a salient progress on its “archaeological, epigraphic, literary and historical exhibit,” claimed the ministry.

 

Reading this latest activity in Greek culture and literature, I cannot help but get trapped in my memory of sitting in the classroom reading the Odyssey in college. What else exciting things will be decoded on the clay? How this new interface will influence our understanding of Odyssey? As Odysseus did on his journey home, I look forward to the updates, and any twists and turns.

 

The Featured Image via Glogster

The Odyssey

The First Translation Of ‘The Odyssey’ by a Woman Tells Quite a Different Story

Most scholars believe that The Odyssey was written near the end of the 8th century, though it wasn’t translated into English until the early 1600’s. It’s only taken sixty translations into English and another four hundred years for it to finally be translated by a woman.

 

Emily Wilson, a professor of Classical Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, is that woman. The Odyssey has long been of interest to her. She first heard the story when she took on the role of Athena in a school play adapted from the story. When she was in high school, she started studying Greek and was able to read classical texts firsthand. Translating The Odyssey was a passion project for her long before she realized that she was the first woman to do so. In an interview with Bustle, she explained, “I wanted to do a translation that was going to have its own kind of music and have a regular meter, which most of the current translations don’t have.”

 

Emily Wilson

Image Via The Philadelphia Inquirer

 

Of course, that doesn’t mean that she didn’t take her role as the first woman to translate the text seriously. While The Odyssey primarily follows Odysseus, the story is full of female characters including goddesses, witches, princesses, slave girls, and even Odysseus’s own wife. According to Wilson, they don’t always put up with men’s double-standards. The goddess Calypso, for example, gets in trouble for keeping Odysseus as a lover, but Zeus gets away with this all the time, so Calypso calls him out on it. “I love that the poem is able to at least have that moment where a female character is totally powerful and totally able to say, ‘There’s a problem here, with how we’re doing this,'” Wilson said.

 

The Odyssey

Image Via The Washington Post

 

Still, while some of the most powerful goddesses and monsters in the epic are female, Wilson did not shy away from including the inherent sexism from the original. Take, for instance, when Odysseus returns home and orders all the slave women who had sex with his wife’s suitors be killed. These women don’t personally pose a threat to Odysseus, but rather than let them live and unwittingly remind him of how he almost lost his wife and his kingdom, he wants them dead.

 

Wilson believes that as a female translator, she is more uncomfortable with the text than previous translators, but she appreciates this fact and hopes that readers will be equally uncomfortable with the inequalities presented in the book. According to Vox, she wanted to make these aspects of the story more visible instead of glossing over them. Ultimately, her translation is meant to be a reflection of how far we’ve progressed in the centuries since the original was written down, but also a reflection of how much things have stayed the same.

 

Wilson’s translation of The Odyssey is available now, and you can find it on Amazon here.

 

Feature Image Via Viva Berlin

The Odyssey

Say Hello to the First Woman to Translate ‘The Odyssey’ into English

For me, The Odyssey has always been the dreaded epic read in class that I do not understand and rely solely on class discussion to decode, rather than actually read it myself (don’t tell my professors). Lucky for all future generations, Emily Wilson has translated The Odyssey into contemporary English that we can all understand and appreciate. The New York Times wrote a piece on Wilson’s work where she said, “the fact that it’s possible to translate the same lines a hundred different times and all of them are defensible in entirely different ways? That tells you something.” As the first woman to translate the epic, her contemporary take differs greatly from those that we’ve seen in the past. 

 

Wilson

Image Via The New York Times 

 

Here’s an excerpt from The Odyssey ‘Book I’ translated from Greek by Emily Wilson. 

 

Tell me about a complicated man.
Muse, tell me how he wandered and was lost
when he had wrecked the holy town of Troy,
and where he went, and who he met, the pain 
he suffered in the storms at sea, and how 
he worked to save his life and bring his men
back home. He failed to keep them safe; poor fools,
they ate the Sun God’s cattle, and the god
kept them from home. Now goddess, child of Zeus,
tell the old story for our modern times.
Find the beginning.

                                                All the other Greeks
who had survived the brutal sack of Troy
sailed safely home to their own wives—except
this man alone. Calypso, a great goddess,
had trapped him in her cave; she wanted him
to be her husband. When the year rolled round
in which the gods decreed he should go home
to Ithaca, his troubles still went on.
The man was friendless. All the gods took pity,
except Poseidon’s anger never ended
until Odysseus was back at home.
But now the distant Ethiopians,
who live between the sunset and the dawn,
were worshipping the Sea God with a feast,
a hundred cattle and a hundred rams.
There sat the god, delighting in his banquet.
The other gods were gathered on Olympus,
in Father Zeus’s palace. He was thinking
of fine, well-born Aegisthus, who was killed
by Agamemnon’s famous son, Orestes.
He told the deathless gods,

                                                                “This is absurd,
that mortals blame the gods! They say we cause
their suffering, but they themselves increase it
by folly. So Aegisthus overstepped:
he took the legal wife of Agamemnon,
then killed the husband when he came back home,
although he knew that it would doom them all.
We gods had warned Aegisthus; we sent down
perceptive Hermes, who flashed into sight
and told him not to murder Agamemnon                 
or court his wife: Orestes would grow up
and come back to his home to take revenge.
Aegisthus would not hear that good advice.
But now his death has paid all debts.”

                                                                                Athena
looked at him steadily and answered, “Father,
he did deserve to die. Bring death to all
who act like him! But I am agonizing
about Odysseus and his bad luck.
For too long he has suffered, with no friends,
sea all around him, sea on every side,
out on an island where a goddess lives,
daughter of fearful Atlas, who holds up
the pillars of the sea and knows its depths—
those pillars keep the heaven and earth apart.
His daughter holds that poor unhappy man
and tries beguiling him with gentle words
to cease all thoughts of Ithaca; but he
longs to see even just the smoke that rises
from his own homeland, and he wants to die.
You do not even care, Olympian!

 

This fantastic and fresh version of Homer’s epic is coming out this week on November 7th. Get it here to enjoy this story in a whole new light! 

 

Feature Image Via The New York Times / Goodreads 

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Infographic: The Scariest Monsters in Literature

Halloween is a time for spooky monsters like the well-known Frankenstein, Dracula, and the Headless Horseman. It’s also a time for scary books. After all, every monster we just mentioned shares one thing in common: a literary heritage.

Books are full of creepy ghouls, ghosts, and monsters, so it’s no surprise that a lot of our Halloween horror inspiration comes from the scary stories on our bookshelves. But how well do you know the scariest monsters in all of literature?

Get into the spirit of Halloween with this awesome infographic from the folks at the UK’s Morph Costumes. All of the classic creeps are there, and they’re all helpfully labeled with a “Scream Score,” which is calculated by evaluating their creepy appearance, supernatural powers, and evil intent. Morph Costumes says that Pennywise, from Stephen King’s It, is the creepiest one of all. Do you agree?