Did you know there are a great number of living creatures named after various writers? I really did not know how to react after looking at some of these, but I can imagine that it’s quite an honor to find out that you’ve had an entire species named after you. Throughout biological nomenclature, organisms are sometimes given scientific names with the intention to honor somebody. From insects, to plants, to even a variety of fish, there are a plethora of different types of organisms named after influential writers. These are the ones that left me quite confused, yet strangely compelled.
Shireplitis is a group wasps that are native to New Zealand. They are usually black or brown in color, and are about 2mm in body length with narrow wings. Although not clear at first, their genus name derives from the Shire, home of the famous hobbits in J.R.R Tolkien’s series of books The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. There are five species of Shireplitis named after iconic hobbits, and one named after Tolkien himself.
Image Via Pixels
–Shireplitisbilboi (Bilbo Baggins)
–Shireplitisfrodoi (Frodo Baggins)
–Shireplitissamwisei (Samwise Gamgee)
–Shireplitismeriadoci (Mariadoc Brandybuck)
–Shireplitisperegrini (Peregrin Took)
–Shireplitistolkieni (J.R.R Tolkien)
Learning about this in high school would have made biology a lot more fun.
Avalanchurus is an extinct family of trilobites, which are a group of marine arachnomorph arthropods. The subfamily of Avalanchurus consists of four different species named after four musical icons. Avalanchurus garfunkeli and Avalanchurus simoni are named after Art Garfunkel and Paul Simon, the legendary bestselling folk-rock duo. Avalanchurus lennoni and Avalanchurus starri are named after the singer and drummer of The Beatles, John Lennon and Ringo Starr. It a blend of fascination and surprise that this is even a thing.
Image Via Wikipedia
Although they are not necessarily authors, Paul Simon is well known as arguably one of the best songwriters of all time.
Sonoma is a subfamily of rove beetles that originated from North America. Appearing mostly from the Pacific Slope in Alaska to southern California, there are at least fifty-seven known species. There are many different names for these species, such as sonoma colberti, named after Stephen Colbert, and sonoma stewarti, named after Jon Stewart. Looking through the long list, however, I found sonoma twaini, approriately named after Mark Twain, the author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Why there is a family of beetles named after two talk show hosts and a legendary author, I really cannot say. Yet, these names really don’t get more random and erratic than this.
Vulture report that JD Payne and Patrick McKay have been chosen. Best known for their Star Trek 4 and Jungle Cruise scripts. Though it remains uncertain the duo will serve as showrunners or head writers, the news has already stirred the water in every fan’s heart. The duo further excited us with the following statement:
The rich world that J.R.R. Tolkien created is filled with majesty and heart, wisdom and complexity…We are absolutely thrilled to be partnering with Amazon to bring it to life anew. We feel like Frodo, setting out from the Shire, with a great responsibility in our care — it is the beginning of the adventure of a lifetime.
Amazing and exciting, right? I know you’re over-the-moon, but promise me: you won’t put on that malicious ring and look at the Sauronian eye!
The new book, entitled The Fall of Gondolin, was written while Tolkien was in the hospital recovering from the Battle of the Somme in World War I. His son Christopher Tolkien, now ninety-three years old himself, has edited the book, and it will be illustrated by Alan Lee, who is most famous for illustrating editions of Tolkien’s work in the 1990s.
This isn’t the first of Tolkien’s books to be published after his death. In fact, numerous books have been published posthumously, including Beren and Luthien, which was published just last June. Still, Tolkien fans were surprised by the announcement of this new book since Christopher Tolkien wrote in Beren and Luthien‘s preface that it was “(presumptively) my last book in the long series of editions of my father’s writings.”
Image Via Tor.com
According to HarperCollins, the book follows Tuor, one of an ancient race of elves called the Noldor, as he sets out to find Gondolin and, along with the sea-god Ulmo, joins the fight against Morgoth, who wants to destroy the city.
It’s a quest story with a reluctant hero who turns into a genuine hero – it’s a template for everything Tolkien wrote afterwards. It has a dark lord, our first encounter with orcs and balrogs – it’s really Tolkien limbering up for what he would be doing later.
One of the things J. R. R. Tolkien doesn’t get enough credit for is how he worked with his characters’ voices. Each one is so well-crafted and is easily differentiated from other characters. But more than that, he was able to adopt the characteristics of his characters when writing for them. When he was writing Aragorn, he was a little more gruff. For Bilbo, he was playful.
Gandalf, obviously, is a wise old wizard. And Tolkien does a wonderful job of saving his most savory wisdom for Gandalf. Prepare to learn from an actual Istar (wizard). Maybe one day you will also be a wizard.
1. I will not say: do not weep for not all tears are an evil.
2. It is not our part to master all the tides of the world, but to do what is in us for the succour of those years wherein we are set, uprooting the evil in the fields that we know, so that those who live after may have clean earth to till. What weather they shall have is not ours to rule.
3. All we have to decide is what to do with the time that is given us.
4. I was talking aloud to myself. A habit of the old: they choose the wisest person present to speak to; the long explanations needed by the young are wearying.
5. He that breaks a thing to find out what it is has left the path of wisdom.
6. Fly, you fools.
7. Many that live deserve death. And some that die deserve life. Can you give it to them? Then do not be too eager to deal out death in judgement.
8.“Where did you go to, if I may ask?” said Thorin to Gandalf as they rode along.
“To look ahead,” said he.
“And what brought you back in the nick of time?”
“Looking behind,” said he.
9. Hobbits really are amazing creatures, as I have said before. You can learn all that there is to know about their ways in a month, and yet after a hundred years they can still surprise you at a pinch.
10. It is not despair, for despair is only for those who see the end beyond all doubt. We do not.
If you are one of the many for whom hobbits, wizards, and tales that include liberal amounts of drinking, singing, and fellbeasts make you feel a certain kind of way, then you have undoubtedly heard about the Lord of the Rings prequel series that Amazon’s cooking up. In cooperation with The Tolkien Estate, Tolkien Trust, New Line Cinema, and HarperCollins, the humble fans of Tolkien’s universe will once again get to see the legendarium come alive on screen. Assuming they’re paying for Prime, that is.
If you’re worth your mettle as a purveyor of fantasy television, then you’re probably drawing up your own theories of what ground this series will be covering. The Chair of the Tolkien Society, Shaun Gunner, has left us a major hint about the nature of the series. Gunner said:
There will be undoubtedly be some apprehension within the Tolkien community about how faithful this will be to the books, however, there is also a lot of excitement about the possibility of exploring the epic saga that is The Silmarillion, or even a series focused on Aragorn’s background. Christmas has come early for many of us today.
It has indeed, Shaun Gunner. So let’s temporarily push aside our doubt, and unpack this tantalizing statement with some of our own thoughts on what this new series will be about!
1. Beren and Luthien
Image Via Amazon
Beren and Luthien are, in a fashion, the prequel to the story of Aragorn and Arwen. It began in 1917 with “The Tale of Tinuviel” from The Book of Lost Tales, and after transforming into an epic poem for a time (titled “The Lay of Lethian”), the story then made its way into a chapter of The Silmarillion in prose form, before being published this year by Christopher Tolkien and Alan Lee as a hybrid volume entitled Beren and Luthien, which combines the timeless love story with a scholarly look at the story’s evolution over the years.
Beren is a Dorothonian mortal who must cut a Silmaril from the crown of Morgoth as the price to marry Luthien, daughter to King Thingol. The tale details the quest of the two as they encounter all manner of evil as they journey to Angband to acquire the Silmaril so that they can be together despite their differences. It offers a moving story of love, death, renewal, and if that is not endorsement enough, the monikers Beren and Luthien are engraved onto the headstone of J. R. R. Tolkien and his wife Edith.
2. War of the Last Alliance
Image Via Amazon
We get some glimpses of the Battle of Dagorlad in Peter Jackson’s trilogy, where we see a few moments of battle in front of the Black Gate (Elrond looking as dour as ever) followed by Isildur taking up Narsil to strike down Sauron. However, the war itself has a rich tapestry of events, which could come alive fully on screen if given the chance. A host of elves led by Gil-Galad and Oropher, joined by King Elendil’s men, unite as the Free Peoples of Middle-earth in order to throw down with the forces of Mordor.
This is not only the last time we see the elves able to muster their full forces in arms, but the War of the Last Alliance is the predecessor to the War of the Ring. It therefore would make sense to be taken on as a prequel series, considering it is the spiritual beginning of the large-scale war of the Free Peoples against the hosts of Sauron in Middle-earth. The Last Alliance itself and the legendary elves and men which comprise it offer up some great opportunities for characters, which provides the depth and heroism fans expect.
3. Fall of Numenor
Image Via Tolkien Britta
Numenor, the land brought up out of the Great Sea as a gift for Men, fell after the Numenoreans grew envious of the everlasting life the Valar enjoyed and rebelled against them. The men led by Ar-Pharaon sailed westward to wage war against the Valar and seize the Undying Lands. Sauron, of course, played a role in stoking the Numenoreans’ fears of old-age and death, and as we well know about anything that Sauron incites, it did not end well. In fact, when called upon, Illuvatar not only crushed the armada, but broke and changed the shape of the world so that Numenor sank into the sea’s abyss, all of its inhabitants drowned (except for the spirit of Sauron, because of course), and the world became round so that no mortal would be able to sail to the True West ever again.
Waging war against powerful immortal beings may not be the wisest choice, but no one can argue that it wouldn’t make for some fantastic television. What with all of the hubris, destruction, and actual world-breaking, the Fall of Numenor could make for an excellent, albeit highly budgeted series. And importantly, it does check the box of being a tale that is detailed in The Silmarillion, and it also concerns Aragorn’s ancestors, the Numenoreans and the Dunedain. So it does loosely relate to his origins (if we squint our eyes and really try). I’m not making any promises, but keep your hopes up and we just might get it.
4. War of Wrath
Image Via Quora
The excitingly titled War of Wrath is also found in The Silmarillion, and is in fact the greatest war ever fought in Middle-earth…which is saying something. Beleriand was destroyed as the armies of Valinor and Morgoth clashed in what became a decades-long conflict. The war concludes with Earendil sailing his sky-ship alongside a host of eagles to fight the dragon horde in a twenty-four-hour-long sky battle. Balrogs are slain, Morgoth is chained, and two Silmarils are reclaimed in what makes for a multi-race entanglement that rings in the end of the First Age.
Everything about this would make for some epic viewing. However, as you have probably guessed, the series exploring a war of such sizable proportions is ambitious to say the least. While not the most likely option, the War of Wrath does present some over-the-top action set pieces. It also offers new characters that are dealing with fraught times and heavy choices, which we all know is the backbone of good fantasy.
5. Aragorn’s Background
Image Via Tor
While this topic has a notably less exciting title, Aragorn II Elessar son of Arathorn, High King of Gondor and Arnor is obviously a goldmine for Amazon. Descendant of Elendil, one of the last Dunedain, lover of Arwen Undomiel, and undead-raising military leader in the War of the Ring, Aragorn’s character has a rich backstory from which the series could pull.
Before ever laying eyes on Frodo Baggins, Aragorn was fostered in Rivendell, where his true identity was long kept secret. He came of age and became a Chieftain of the Dunedain and Rangers of the North where he eventually met Gandalf the Grey. Aragorn and the Rangers protected the lands of the North (including the Shire) and fought alongside Gondor, as well as undertaking many journeys of his own. If the series went in this direction, it could further explore one of the trilogy’s most beloved characters, bring back old favorites such as Gandalf (and Sir Ian McKellan), and present a narrative to the lands of the North prior to the events of The Lord of the Rings.