Why ‘Fifty Shades Freed’ Is a Dream Come True

Why ‘Fifty Shades Freed’ Is a Dream Come True

Book Culture

It’s official: the Fifty Shades movie franchise has made over $1 billion. It’s surprising for many, and thoroughly unsurprising for the legions of E. L. James loyalists out there. The book series was a smash hit in a way that few are. It’s no wonder, despite being critically slated, why Universal adapted the trilogy.   Money, yes. These movies made the studio bundles of cash, especially considering their relatively sparse budget (Fifty Shades Freed was reportedly made for $55 million, which is mid-budget). But that’s not the only reason Universal adapted the tentpole book series. It was tried and true.   …

11 Authors You Probably Didn’t Know Used Pen Names

11 Authors You Probably Didn’t Know Used Pen Names

Book Culture

People have loads of reasons for taking on a pseudonym. Sometimes they’re a woman trying to get ahead in a patriarchy, sometimes they’re an immigrant trying to seem less Other, and sometimes their name just isn’t catchy enough.   These are eleven of the most surprising authors who used pen names. You think you know somebody…   1. Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged (Real name: Alisa Zinov’yevna Rosenbaum)   2. George Orwell, Nineteen-Eighty Four (Real name: Eric Arthur Blair)   3. E. L. James, Fifty Shades of Grey (Real name: Erika Mitchell)   4. Voltaire, Candide (Real name: François-Marie Arouet)   …