Today is June 25th, which means it is the birthday of outstanding author, novelist, journalist and critic George Orwell. He was born on 25 June, 1903 in Motihari. He is known for his allegorical novella Animal Farm and the dystopian novel 1984. And today to celebrate his birthday and honor him, I write six facts about George Orwell.
I believe you will be surprised when you hear this, but George Orwell’s original name is Eric Arthur Blair. The book Down and Out in Paris and London carried the name George Orwell and he used that name all his life even though he did not drop his original name legally.
His father persuaded him to join the British Imperial Police Force, and he was sent to Burma and contracted a tropical illness (“fatal breakbone fever”). After his return to England, he became a writer.
3.Arrested on Purpose
In 1931, he wanted to experience being arrested and get the taste of prison. By drinking several pints and a bottle of whiskey, he created a scene to become arrested. However, the prison experience was not what he hoped it’d be since he got released after forty-eight hours of custody.
George Orwell stated that he knew seven languages including two dead ones. The languages he knew were French, Spanish, Latin, Greek, Burmese, German and his native language English. And it is known that he learned French from his close friend and author, Aldous Huxley.
5.Spanish Civil War
Like his contemporary Ernest Hemingway, Orwell became a part of the Spanish Civil War. Orwell went to Spain at the age of 33, just after war erupted in 1936, wanting to write some newspaper stories. Instead, he joined the Republican militia to “fight fascism” because it was the right thing to do for him. He was shot by a sniper in the war and narrated his experiences in his book Homage to Catalonia after the war. After joining the militia, he was charged with “treason”, and he left the country with his wife.
George Orwell is someone who still inspires many writers and readers. He coined lots of terms and words to the English language, which are still used today. The most important one is the term “cold war” which he used in his essay “You and the Atom Bomb.” The other terms are “memory hole”, “thought crime”, “thought police” and “Big Brother”.