On December 10, 1907, Rudyard Kipling was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, making him the first English-author to receive this award. He was also the youngest recipient to receive the award to date, at forty-one years old. Kipling was nominated that year by Oxford professor, Charles Oman. The prize citation read that it was “in inconsideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.”
Kipling, who was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist, was born in India, which inspired much of his work. His works of fiction include The Jungle Book, Kim, and many short stories, including, The Man Who Would be King. Poems of his include, Mandalay, Gunga Din, and The Gods of the Copybook Headings. While he accepted the Nobel Prize, Kiping turned down many honors in his lifetime, including the poet laureateship and knighthood.
Kipling was among the United Kingdom’s most popular writers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He is seen as an innovator in the art of the short story and his children’s books are regarded as classics. Though he was a gifted writer, Kipling is regarded as politically toxic and has become critically unpopular, his reputation remaining controversial to this day. However, his works for children, especially The Jungle Book, still remain a part of popular culture.